Realism can be injected into a normal firing range without much physical changes. A figure 15 [1/5 of a person exposed, typically the head & just the top of the shoulder] target is the size of the foresight tip on a M16 rifle at 100m. A soldier would have problems positively identifying a threat using the naked eye at that range, let alone the usual firing range of 300m which would present an even smaller target to identify. Unless rules of engagement are so lax, which opswarfare does not advocate, it would be more effective to
- either shorten the range [from 300m to 100m],
- or incorporate binoculars or rifle scopes into the firing procedure. [for foxhole sandbag supported scenarios]
This ensures the good practice of positive identification of targets before firing.
For even more realism,
- different targets can be used [differentiate between enemy soldiers, friendly soldiers, civilians]
- targets appear at different distances at the same time [foster decision making to engage nearer targets first]
- night firing conducted using night vision goggles [NVG] instead of illuminating targets
Quick-aiming techniques, like aiming with the foresight tip only at very short ranges should also be taught. Built-in 1.5x scope on newer rifles should also be operationalised, that is, a scanning procedure be taught that maximises the increased vision range without compromising the reduced field of vision caused by the scope. opswarfare recommends scanning with both unaided eyes for targets, and using the scope for target identification and subsequent engagement, if needed.
opswarfare advocates that the techniques mentioned above be taught only after soldiers have learnt the basics, i.e. hitting where you aim.